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Label: Sonido 13 JC007

Released: 1965

Country: France

Genre: Microtonal

Info:

CHAMBER MUSIC / FIRST AND SECOND ALMOST SONATAS FOR QUARTER-TONE CELLO

 

By this name, Carrillo wants to indicate a composition that is not strictly bound to the “Classical Sonata” form and is therefore closer to the “Sonata Almost Fantasy”.
In each of these three works, the composer abandons not only the system of the twelve classic sounds, assuming that he uses quarter tones, but also the principle of rigorous time and measure, leaving the performer the greatest freedom of interpretation, as usually do in the cadences.
In addition, these sonatas represent the highest expression of virtuosity in the cello and the extraordinary use of harmonics should be noted above all. This virtuosity allows the soloists to show off a transcendental technique and for this reason they will occupy a prominent place in the repertoire of higher studies at the Conservatories.

 

FIRST, SECOND AND THIRD QUARTETS IN QUARTER TONES

 

These three Quartets are from the same period without this meaning that they describe the same interior landscape.
Julián Carrillo, with extraordinary ease, knows how to escape time and flee from the smallness of the present and consequently reveal very diverse inspirations.
On a purely musical level, they present three main characteristics: the use of quarter tones as real harmonic elements and not as passing notes in hyperchromatism; an extraordinary counterpoint in which each of the four voices has equal importance; and finally, a virtuosity that represents progress in the technique of bowed instruments, as are the Casi Sonatas for cello and the Sonatas for solo violin in this same collection.

 

SIX SONATAS FOR SOLO VIOLIN

 

Julián Carrillo arrived in Europe at the beginning of the century as a brilliant violinist. He was violin first in the Leipzig Gewandhaus Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Arthur Nikisch and later obtained great distinctions such as the First Prize unanimously and with distinction in the International Competitions in Ghent, Belgium.
I think it is necessary to remember this background, because writing works for solo violin is not very frequent and for its perfect realization it is necessary to know not only the art of composition, but also to possess the technique of the instrument to the maximum degree.
Until today these conditions had only been met in the admirable Sonatas of Juan Sebastián Bach.
The works that we present here are dedicated to Paganini, the prodigious artist who deserves the gratitude and homage of every violinist for the progress that his compositions represent for the technique of the instrument; but in Carrillo’s Sonatas the transcendence of the technique surpasses that of those famous Studies.
We will also point out the use of harmonics and successions of chromatic fifths and fourths that were unusual until today.
The Paris Conservatory organized a contest for the execution of one of these works and the “Julián Carrillo Prize” was awarded to the winner.

 

CRITICAL Opinion

 

THIRD SONATA FOR SOLO VIOLIN dedicated to Paganini

The concert began with a difficult partichela: the Third Sonata for solo violin. This composition, in which Maestro Carrillo poured all his knowledge of violin technique, has the sobriety of the German school, which the maestro cultivated in his early days, as well as the technical bravery that he achieved in his most unusual horizons. Surely this last characteristic was what motivated the dedication to Paganini, of this sonata. Maestro Carrillo has undoubtedly been one of our best violinists and the best proof of this is in this work.

Ricardo Mungarro in “La Prensa”. 

 

SEXTET FOR BOWED INSTRUMENTS

Of the works presented in the collection, this is the oldest and was premiered in Leipzig in 1901. Like the First Symphony, we find in it an amalgam of Latin sensibility with a technique that Brahms could have signed. The work is classical. The thematic unit is treated in it with great delicacy.

 

SECOND ATONAL QUARTET, dedicated to Beethoven

During the time that Julián Carrillo was studying in Leipzig, the cult of Beethoven was at a maximum of intensity that was never repeated afterwards.
Influenced by this environment of admiration, when Carrillo returned to Mexico, he founded an orchestra and a Beethoven quartet. Later, as a violinist, he played the Sonatas of the Bonn master on multiple occasions and as director of the Mexico Symphony Orchestra, he took on the task of presenting a Festival with the New Symphonies and Concerts, both for piano and for piano. fiddle. The Ninth was performed before an audience of fourteen thousand people; and less than five years ago (when Julián Carrillo was already over eighty) he was called once again to direct these works.
The Quartet dedicated to Beethoven, is of a very complicated polyphony and in it very novel procedures are used, which, however, clearly reveal the feelings that animated the composer when writing it and that he indicates in the different movements: Allegro Appasionato – Slowly – Allegro Jocoso – Allegro Final.

 

End of the second side, MEDITATION and IN SECRET

These small compositions for bowed instruments were written especially for the Philadelphia Quartet in 1927 as a study for quarter tones, and yet they were premiered in a public concert as the final number of a program featuring one of the last Beethoven Quartets.
They have been played numerous times with great success.

 

QUARTET IN E FLAT

During the International Music Congress in Rome in 1911, Julián Carrillo presented his point of view about the reform of the classical forms of the Quartet, the Sonata, the Symphony and the Concerto with the idea of putting them in tune with the times. .
Search for a maximum of ideological unity while achieving a balanced polyphony in the different tenses.
Such was his thesis perfectly illustrated in this work, in which the initial theme is developed in the four beats of the quartet according to the principles of the strictest and most ingenious counterpoint, which produces a magnificent result.

 

Critic’s Opinion, “Quartet in E Flat Major”

Secondly, the magnificent quartet in E flat major, by maestro Carrillo, was played. This score deserves special comment. It consists of four magnificently developed pieces. The first movement, in sonata form, contains an overflowing joy that contrasts with the sweetness, somewhat peasant, of the second theme. The solemn majesty with which the introductory theme is presented to us, suggests the Gothic cathedrals, but not in the medieval warhead, but in that horizon that the saint called: supreme spiritual joy. The allegretto, draws in the arcades of the quartet a diagonal series of themes that merge into a sound warp that would have amazed Stámitz.
The third movement, scherzo, ternary and vivacious, contains the composer’s jovial passion, which has been felt until now, from his stately mansion in San Ángel, and lastly, the allegro con Fuoco, is a true lesson in the technique of the counterpoint, that the revolutionary teacher leaves to today’s youth, who lose their concerns in meaningless essays. Finally, he returns to another solemn theme to brilliantly end the quartet with a “stacatto” phrasing signed by the cello.

Ricardo Mungarro in “La Prensa” 

 

The Mexican Culture Seminar celebrated Julián Carrillo’s 90th birthday with a program dedicated entirely to his music.
What turned out to be a positive revelation for us was the Quartet in E flat (1903) written in Brussels when Carrillo was 28 years old. It is a monumental work in its formal conception (35 minutes in length), in its contrapuntal treatment, in sounds that reach the borders of atonality, in the virtuosity that it requires from the performers and in the interest aroused by listening to through its four tenses: Maestoso-Allegretto, Scherzo, Largo-Larghetto, Maestoso-Allegro.
One day the musical personality of Julián Carrillo will have to be reassessed and we hope that this reassessment will not take long, since the knowledge we have of his music, in his own homeland!, is very incomplete.
The seriousness and depth of his work is demonstrated by his handling and absolute mastery of classical forms and “traditional” composition. The term “traditional” is, in Carrillo’s art, very relative, because with the hearing of his Quartet of 1903 it has been fully demonstrated that the national and popular elements had already been taken into account by this great musician much earlier than people imagine. Suffice it to say that when Carrillo wrote this monumental work, Carlos Chávez was four years old, the same as Revueltas. Surprising, for all reasons, hearing him. It was a real revelation for us.
That Carrillo is beyond what we can imagine is shown by the fact that, having composed this work in 1903, he subsequently abandoned all traditional systems and launched himself fully into the investigation of tone fractions that led him to the construction of special instruments for its execution, instruments that, we have no doubt, will be more useful to the musician of the future than to that of today. Carrillo, the non-conformist, the man for whom his classical studies or tones and semitones were not enough, renounced them to live within a sound universe, to which Western culture will one day have to address itself. It was inevitable that he would be left completely alone, that he would be treated as a madman and a charlatan, and that war would be declared on him. But… This, between us, is a privilege.

MARIO BEAUREGARD 

Supplement “Mexico in Culture”, of Novedades, March 21, 1965.

 

FIRST ATONAL QUARTET dedicated to Debussy
We have already mentioned the profound admiration that J. Carrillo professes for the great French composer, Debussy, whom he met in Rome in 1911, during the Music Congress, in which Carrilo was elected President.
Recently, Carrillo presented in Mexico the initiative to erect a monument to Claudio Aquiles in that city. How many French cities can be proud of having paid such tribute to one of the most extraordinary geniuses of our country?
This Quartet, although Atonal, repudiates all aggressiveness and lets the composer’s emotion shine through. It is a work of vibrant dynamism.

 

PERFORMERS:
“FRANCE QUARTET”
ROBERT GENDRE – Violinist
“VILLER-S QUARTET”
GABRIELLE DEVRIES – Violinist
REINE FLACHOT – Cellist

 

Technical Comments on the Works by Jean Etienne Marie Director of French Radio Television Sound Research.

 

STEREOPHONE SOUND

JC-007

The recordings were made by PHILIPS

in

Paris – France.

Rights guaranteed internationally,

Its total or partial reproduction prohibited.

Gallery:


Tracklist:

CHAMBER MUSIC / Third almost sonata for cello and first quarter-tone quartet
SIDE 1
  • A1 SOLEMN ?
    Soloist: REINE FLACHOT
  • A2 ALLEGRO AGITATO ?
    Soloist: REINE FLACHOT
  • A3 SLOW SOLEMN ?
    Soloist: REINE FLACHOT
LADO 2
  • B1 LITTLE MOSSO ?
    Quartet from France: ROBERT GENDRE, J. GESHTEM, SERGE COLLOT Y ROBERT BEX
  • B2 SLOWLY ?
    Quartet from France: ROBERT GENDRE, J. GESHTEM, SERGE COLLOT Y ROBERT BEX
  • B3 SCHERZO ?
    Quartet from France: ROBERT GENDRE, J. GESHTEM, SERGE COLLOT Y ROBERT BEX
  • B4 FINAL ALLEGRO ?
    Quartet from France: ROBERT GENDRE, J. GESHTEM, SERGE COLLOT Y ROBERT BEX

Credits:

Reine FLACHOT

  • She was born in the Argentine Republic of French parents. He began his musical studies in Paris at the age of eleven; and three later, he won the First Prize of the Conservatory, taking first place among twenty-seven competitors. In the year l954, he won the Piatigorsky Prize by unanimous vote of the jury.
    Since then he has played in numerous concerts. In France with the “Concerts Colonne” under the direction of Kachaturian; with the “Orchestre National”, under Darius Milhaud; with the “Orchester Philarmonique de la R. T. F”, under the batons of Eugene Bigot, Manuel Rosenthal, Jean Martinon, Pierre Dervaux. Abroad she has been heard in recitals and as a soloist with the orchestras of Berlin, Vienna, London, Amsterdam, Geneva, Brussels, Lisbon, etc. where she has always obtained the highest praise from the press and that can be summed up in the trial. of the Austrian critic who perfectly defines her musical personality: “Reine Flachot, is the personification of the modern virtuoso, dazzling with objectivity and decision; in her burns the inner flame of the musical joy of authentic inspiration”.

 

Robert GENDRE

  • He was a disciple of the Spanish violinist Luis Pichot.
    In 1944, after a brilliant competition, he was named soloist of the Lamoureux Concertos and of the Orchestra of the Casino de Vichy. He was also a laureate at the International Long-Thibaud Competition in 1951.
    Since then he has toured extensively in France, Germany, Italy, England, Spain, Portugal, South Africa and has also played for the “Juventudes Musicales”.
    He is a soloist for French Radio-Television. He has made numerous recordings with the “T’Emsemble Baroque de Paris”, the Chamber Orchestras of Oubradous and Louis de Froment. Many times he has participated in the Festivals of Aix-en-Provence, Strasbourg, Menton, Divonne, Besanzon, etc. .

 

J. GESHTEM

 

Serge COLLOT

 

Robert BEX

  • He did his studies in France, mainly with Pierre Fournier. At the age of seventeen he graduated from the National Conservatory of Music in Paris with a First Prize, obtaining at the same time a First Medal for Chamber Music.
    In 1951, he appeared at the Geneva International Competitions, where he was awarded the First Medal for Sonatas.
    He has been a soloist with the “Concerts Obradous”, at the Aix-en-Provence Festivals, in Bordeaux, Strasbourg, etc. He has played numerous concerts both in France and abroad and his recitals have been highly praised by critics. In France he has been a soloist under the direction of Pierre Dervaux, Louis Martin, Herman Scherchen, Pierre Boulez, Richard Blareau, Fernand Oubradous and has made numerous recordings as a soloist and in chamber music ensembles.

 

Notes:

Disc #6 of MUSICAL WORKS BY JULIAN CARRILLO

Links:

Julian Carrillo – Musica De Camara - Segundo Cuarteto Atonal Meditación Y En Secreto En Cuartos De Tono

Sold For:

Highest Price:
$1640 MX
Medium Price:
$1640 MX

Condition:

Media Condition:
Mint (M)
Sleeve Condition:
Mint (M)
Condition Notes:

Disc closed, open for file consultation.

Other Versions:

 

 

Mexican composer, conductor, violinist and music theorist (Ahualulco, San Luis Potosí, January 28, 1875 – Mexico City, September 9, 1965). He is known for his theory on microtonal music which he dubbed 'The Thirteenth Sound' (Sonido 13).

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